Gone are the days when land owners in India had to run from one office to another and wait for hours, to access information related to land. Apart from being extremely inconvenient for users, the physical nature of data-keeping also encouraged frauds. With an aim to deal with these twin issues, India, in the past decade, started to digitise its land records.
Among the states that have digitised their land records under the government’s National Land Records Modernization Programme, is Jharkhand. The Revenue Department in the state has an online portal named Jharbhoomi, to provide online records of land, making land purchase easier, while also limiting the scope of any wrongdoing. Aside from accessing a variety of land-related information on the portal, users can also use the platform to pay their land tax.
The system not only helps farmers and land owners, in accessing a wide variety of data, it also helps prospective buyers and investors of such land, by way of providing crucial information about land ownership. It is pertinent to mention here that those planning to purchase land in the rural parts of Jharkhand must consult the Jahrbhoomi portal, to verify the information provided by the land owner.
Purpose of the Jharbhoomi portal
Listed below are some of the documents that users can view on the Jharbhoomi portal:
- Land record details
- Mutation documents
- Revenue and registry records
- Record of change of ownership of a land parcel
- Land transfer
- Tax/lagan payment
- Revenue update
According to Jharkhand’s Revenue and Land Reforms Department secretary KK Soan, the service was conceived to offer improved and hassle-free public service. “Although the amount to be paid as lagan in very less, its receipt is a crucial document, as it establishes ownership on a particular land plot. The intention (behind the launch of the jhar bhoomi portal) is to keep services away from physical offices as far as possible, so that people can get their work done even without having to interact with officials,” he says. Before the portal was launched in March 2016, the revenue department staff could issue lagan receipts only at the year-end, he points out.
Devices to run Jharbhoomi portal
Users can access the portal on their web browser and Android mobile application.
How to log in?
Visit the Jharbhoomi portal and click on the ‘Login’ button towards the left-hand column of the page.
Following this, you will be directed to the following page.
Depending on your requirement, select the option and proceed. For informational purposes, we are opting for दाखिल ख़ारिज (mutation).
Key in the details on this page and proceed.
How to get land records online in Jharkhand?
Visit the official portal of Jharbhoomi (https://jharbhoomi.nic.in) to access land records. Here is a step-by-step guide.
Step 1: Go to the official Jharbhoomi website, and click on ‘View Your Account’ tab.
Step 2: The page that appears will have a digital map, showing districts. Select the district on the map, where the land is located.
Step 3: The block map would now appear on the screen. Select the block where the land is located.
Step 4: On the page that now appears, you will have to choose land variety and light type from the drop-down options.
Step 5: You can view the document by choosing one of the options, including Mauja name, Mauja according to Khesra number, account number, or account holder name.
Step 6: After making the selection and giving details, click on the ‘Search Account’ button. The revenue record information will appear on the screen.
What is khesra (खेसरा)?
In the government records, an identification number is allocated to each land parcel. While it is known as the plot number in the urban areas, this number is better known as khasra number or khesra number in rural parts of the country. In other words, the khasra number or khesra number is a plot or survey number, given to a particular piece of land in villages. In urban areas, land parcels are allotted plot numbers or survey numbers, the equivalent of rural areas’ Khasra number.
The Khasra number is among the many details that are maintained across Indian states under records of rights, more commonly known as Jamabandi or Fard. The khasra number is crucial to get any information about a particular land parcel in rural India.
The land parcels might have several owners. A mouza or mauza on the other hand, is a type of administrative district.
What is khata number?
A Khata number is an account number allotted to a family and denotes the entire landholding pattern among the members. The Khata number provides the details of owners and their total landholding. To check the online land record on Jharbhoomi, you will have to use the Khata number or the Khatauni number or both, to access the documents.
What is khatauni?
Khatauni provides information about the land-holding pattern within a family. These pieces of land can be together, or in different places. A legal document, the khatauni provides information about a land, its Khasra number, the number of people owning it, its total area, etc. Khatauni also has the details of all the Khasras owned by a land owner. In other words, Khatauni is the record of all the Khasras owned by a family. It can also be seen as a register of people cultivating or occupying the land in question.
What is mutation?
Once a buyer completes the property registration process, the responsibility to get the new information registered in the revenue records arises. Property mutation is the process by which this is done. In different states, the process has different nomenclature. In Uttar Pradesh, for example, the process is known as Dakhil-Khariz (entry-omission).
How to view khesra details on Jharbhoomi?
Step 1: On the main website, click on ‘Khesra-wise Details’ tab.
Step 2: Key in all the details on the next landing page and click on the ‘Register’ button.
How to pay lagan online?
Visit the official web portal, and click on the ‘Online Lagan’ tab. To check pending lagan, now click on the tab, ‘Bakaya Dekhein’. After keying-in the details such as district, halka, anchal and mauja names, the user will be able to see his pending dues. If the user wishes to make the payment online, he must go back and click on the ‘Online Bhugtan Karein’ option. Again, you will have to provide the same details to proceed. On this main page, users also have the option to view their past payment records.
How to file a complaint on Jharbhoomi?
In case you have a grievance, you can file it on the Jharbhoom portal.
Step 1: On the main website, click on ‘Revenue and Land Reforms Public Grievance Portal’.
Step 2: Fill in the required fields along with your complaint and hit the ‘submit’ button.
How to register as khatian?
Step 1: On the Jharbhoomi potal, click on the ‘See Account & Register-II’ tab.
Step 2: Select ‘Khatian’ now and key in the other fields, including district name, area name, land type and account number.
Step 3: Now, click on the ‘Khatian’ button.
What is Register-II or पंजी-II?
In August 2020, all the zonal officers were directed by the state government to upload all the information mentioned in the register-two or
पंजी -II, in their offices on the Jharbhoomi portal at the earliest. Register-II on the Jahrabhoomi portal has details of the land, like its type, its jamabandi number, khesra number, khata number, etc.
Here’s a look at how to find information on Register-II.
How to register as Register II?
Step 1: On the Jharbhoomi potal, and click on the ‘See Account & Register-II’ tab.
Step 2: Select ‘Register II’ now and key in the other fields, including district name, area name, land type and account number.
Step 3: Now, click on the ‘Register II’ button.
How to use Jharbhoomi portal for online tax payment
Here is how to pay tax online, on the Jharbhoomi portal:
Step 1: Tap on ‘Online Lagan’ on the home screen of the website and click on ‘Pay Online’.
Step 2: Enter the required details and pay using the online gateway.
How to check application status on Jharbhoomi
Step 1: On the Jharbhoomi portal, tap on ‘Online Application’.
Step 2: Registered users can use their email ID and password to log in, while unregistered user have to click on the ‘Registration’ tab.
Are land records available online in Jharkhand?
Yes, land records are available online in Jharkhand, on the Jharbhoomi portal.
Where can I check land records online in Jharkhand?
The address of the Jharbhoomi portal, to check land records is https://jharbhoomi.nic.in.
What is khatiyan?
Khatiyan or खतियान is another term used for the right of records. This term is commonly used in states like Bihar and Jharkhand.