Wall seepage is one of the most common structural issues, faced by most of the home owners in India. The damage caused by water seepage is almost irreparable and has to be cured every season through repainting. However, all of these troubles could be avoided if proper precautions are taken during the construction. This will not just save a lot of money but will also keep the structural strength of your construction intact. Here is everything you need to know about wall seepage and how to prevent it.
What causes wall seepage?
As the external walls of the concrete structure are exposed to the weather, prolonged contact with the rainwater can lead to cracks in the outer covering, giving way to water and moisture seepage. This makes the walls damp. If it is not treated in time, this dampness seeps into the interiors, ruining the wall paint.
See also: Ways to rain-proof your home
Tips to avoid wall seepage
Housing.com News got in touch with Aarav Master, a Jaipur-based structural engineer, to understand how wall seepages could be avoided and treated.
How to detect water seepage at home
- Look for water spots on the interior walls of the home.
- Check for the source of water seepage. It could be because of leaking water tanks, broken water pipelines or old plumbing issues.
- Ask your structural engineer to check if there is a gap between the walls of your home and the next home, as water can seep through this gap too.
- Another prominent reason for water seepage is the poor quality of materials used for plastering the exteriors. Talk to the contractor or your builder to understand this aspect and the construction quality of your house.
How to treat water seepage
Here are tips from Master, to solve the issue of water seepage:
- One of the main reasons for water seeping through to the interiors of your home, is the use of poor quality paint on the walls. These paints allow the moisture to seep through the concrete and damage the walls. Currently, the market is flooded with high-quality paints that are water-resistant and contain elements such as silicon that provide extra strength to areas which are most prone to seepage. Opt for better quality paints after researching and consulting with your structural engineer, to avoid a lifelong hassle of seasonal renovation.
- If the construction is already done and there are cracks on the walls, you can use mortar to seal these cracks. It is a dense material which is also waterproof. For damaged roof or wall tiles, white cement is the best possible option, as it can prevent chipping of paint in a humid climate.
- During construction, always opt for sturdy water pipes and ensure that the joints are well-sealed. Check for leakages in the water tanks and plumbing every six months and conduct an inspection of the drainage system. You can also hire professionals, who can use proper tools to identify and recommend customised solutions.
Tips for avoiding wall seepage
- Use exhaust fans in the kitchen and bathroom to ensure proper ventilation. This is to expel the moisture from the interiors.
- Avoid drying laundry indoors, as it creates a lot of moisture within the home. You can also use dehumidifiers, to remove the moisture from the air.
- Avoid painting the wall during winters, as this can create a lot of dampness inside the walls. Always opt for painting tasks when you can keep the doors and windows open.
- Always make sure that the steam created inside the kitchen is expelled in the shortest possible time, to avoid dampness on the walls.
What causes water seepage in walls?
Water seepage could be because of drainage issues, poor construction quality or defective water-proofing material.
What is water seepage?
When water flows from one place to another through small holes or porous materials, it is called water seepage.